API / Js / String-2

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String2

Provide bindings to JS string. Optimized for pipe-first.

t

type t = string;

make

let make: 'a => t;

make(value) converts the given value to a string.

RE
Js.String2.make(3.5) == "3.5"; Js.String2.make([|1,2,3|]) == "1,2,3";

fromCharCode

let fromCharCode: int => t;

fromCharCode(n) creates a string containing the character corresponding to that number; n ranges from 0 to 65535. If out of range, the lower 16 bits of the value are used. Thus, fromCharCode(0x1F63A) gives the same result as fromCharCode(0xF63A). See String.fromCharCode on MDN.

Js.String2.fromCharCode(65) == "A"; Js.String2.fromCharCode(0x3c8) == {js|ψ|js}; Js.String2.fromCharCode(0xd55c) == {js|한|js}; Js.String2.fromCharCode(-64568) == {js|ψ|js};

fromCharCodeMany

let fromCharCodeMany: array(int) => t;

fromCharCodeMany([|n1;n2;n3|]) creates a string from the characters corresponding to the given numbers, using the same rules as fromCharCode. See String.fromCharCode on MDN.

fromCodePoint

let fromCodePoint: int => t;

fromCodePoint(n) creates a string containing the character corresponding to that numeric code point. If the number is not a valid code point, it raises RangeError. Thus, fromCodePoint(0x1F63A) will produce a correct value, unlike fromCharCode(0x1F63A), and fromCodePoint(-5) will raise a RangeError. See String.fromCodePoint on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.fromCodePoint(65) == "A"; Js.String2.fromCodePoint(0x3c8) == {js|ψ|js}; Js.String2.fromCodePoint(0xd55c) == {js|한|js}; Js.String2.fromCodePoint(0x1f63a) == {js|😺|js};

fromCodePointMany

let fromCodePointMany: array(int) => t;

fromCodePointMany([|n1;n2;n3|]) creates a string from the characters corresponding to the given code point numbers, using the same rules as fromCodePoint. See String.fromCodePoint on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.fromCodePointMany([|0xd55c, 0xae00, 0x1f63a|]) == {js|한글😺|js};

length

let length: t => int;

length(s) returns the length of the given string. See String.length on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.length("abcd") == 4;

get

let get: (t, int) => t;

get(s, n) returns as a string the character at the given index number. If n is out of range, this function returns undefined,so at some point this function may be modified to return option(string).

RE
Js.String2.get("Reason", 0) == "R"; Js.String2.get("Reason", 4) == "o"; Js.String2.get({js|Rẽasöń|js}, 5) == {js|ń|js};

charAt

let charAt: (t, int) => t;

charAt(s, n) gets the character at index n within string s. If n is negative or greater than the length of s, it returns the empty string. If the string contains characters outside the range \u0000-\uffff, it will return the first 16-bit value at that position in the string. See String.charAt on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.charAt("Reason", 0) == "R"; Js.String2.charAt("Reason", 12) == ""; Js.String2.charAt({js|Rẽasöń|js}, 5) == {js|ń|js};

charCodeAt

let charCodeAt: (t, int) => float;

charCodeAt(s, n) returns the character code at position n in string s; the result is in the range 0-65535, unlke codePointAt, so it will not work correctly for characters with code points greater than or equal to 0x10000. The return type is float because this function returns NaN if n is less than zero or greater than the length of the string. See String.charCodeAt on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.charCodeAt({js|😺|js}, 0) == 0xd83d->float_of_int; Js.String2.codePointAt({js|😺|js}, 0) == Some(0x1f63a);

codePointAt

let codePointAt: (t, int) => option(int);

codePointAt(s, n) returns the code point at position n within string s as a Some(value). The return value handles code points greater than or equal to 0x10000. If there is no code point at the given position, the function returns None. See String.codePointAt on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.codePointAt({js|¿😺?|js}, 1) == Some(0x1f63a); Js.String2.codePointAt("abc", 5) == None;

concat

let concat: (t, t) => t;

concat(original, append) returns a new string with append added after original. See String.concat on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.concat("cow", "bell") == "cowbell";

concatMany

let concatMany: (t, array(t)) => t;

concat(original, arr) returns a new string consisting of each item of an array of strings added to the original string. See String.concat on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.concatMany("1st", [|"2nd", "3rd", "4th"|]) == "1st2nd3rd4th";

endsWith

let endsWith: (t, t) => bool;

ES2015: endsWith(str, substr) returns true if the str ends with substr, false otherwise. See String.endsWith on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.endsWith("BuckleScript", "Script") == true; Js.String2.endsWith("BuckleShoes", "Script") == false;

endsWithFrom

let endsWithFrom: (t, t, int) => bool;

endsWithFrom(str, ending, len) returns true if the first len characters of str end with ending, false otherwise. If len is greater than or equal to the length of str, then it works like endsWith. (Honestly, this should have been named endsWithAt, but oh well.) See String.endsWith on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.endsWithFrom("abcd", "cd", 4) == true; Js.String2.endsWithFrom("abcde", "cd", 3) == false; Js.String2.endsWithFrom("abcde", "cde", 99) == true; Js.String2.endsWithFrom("example.dat", "ple", 7) == true;

includes

let includes: (t, t) => bool;

ES2015: includes(str, searchValue) returns true if searchValue is found anywhere within str, false otherwise. See String.includes on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.includes("programmer", "gram") == true; Js.String2.includes("programmer", "er") == true; Js.String2.includes("programmer", "pro") == true; Js.String2.includes("programmer.dat", "xyz") == false;

includesFrom

let includesFrom: (t, t, int) => bool;

ES2015: includes(str, searchValue start) returns true if searchValue is found anywhere within str starting at character number start (where 0 is the first character), false otherwise. See String.includes on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.includesFrom("programmer", "gram", 1) == true; Js.String2.includesFrom("programmer", "gram", 4) == false; Js.String2.includesFrom({js|대한민국|js}, {js|한|js}, 1) == true;

indexOf

let indexOf: (t, t) => int;

ES2015: indexOf(str, searchValue) returns the position at which searchValue was first found within str, or -1 if searchValue is not in str. See String.indexOf on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.indexOf("bookseller", "ok") == 2; Js.String2.indexOf("bookseller", "sell") == 4; Js.String2.indexOf("beekeeper", "ee") == 1; Js.String2.indexOf("bookseller", "xyz") == -1;

indexOfFrom

let indexOfFrom: (t, t, int) => int;

indexOfFrom(str, searchValue, start) returns the position at which searchValue was found within str starting at character position start, or -1 if searchValue is not found in that portion of str. The return value is relative to the beginning of the string, no matter where the search started from. See String.indexOf on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.indexOfFrom("bookseller", "ok", 1) == 2; Js.String2.indexOfFrom("bookseller", "sell", 2) == 4; Js.String2.indexOfFrom("bookseller", "sell", 5) == -1;

lastIndexOf

let lastIndexOf: (t, t) => int;

lastIndexOf(str, searchValue) returns the position of the last occurrence of searchValue within str, searching backwards from the end of the string. Returns -1 if searchValue is not in str. The return value is always relative to the beginning of the string. See String.lastIndexOf on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.lastIndexOf("bookseller", "ok") == 2; Js.String2.lastIndexOf("beekeeper", "ee") == 4; Js.String2.lastIndexOf("abcdefg", "xyz") == -1;

lastIndexOfFrom

let lastIndexOfFrom: (t, t, int) => int;

lastIndexOfFrom(str, searchValue, start) returns the position of the last occurrence of searchValue within str, searching backwards from the given start position. Returns -1 if searchValue is not in str. The return value is always relative to the beginning of the string. See String.lastIndexOf on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.lastIndexOfFrom("bookseller", "ok", 6) == 2; Js.String2.lastIndexOfFrom("beekeeper", "ee", 8) == 4; Js.String2.lastIndexOfFrom("beekeeper", "ee", 3) == 1; Js.String2.lastIndexOfFrom("abcdefg", "xyz", 4) == -1;

localeCompare

let localeCompare: (t, t) => float;

localeCompare(reference, comparison) returns

  • a negative value if reference comes before comparison in sort order

  • zero if reference and comparison have the same sort order

  • a positive value if reference comes after comparison in sort order

See String.localeCompare on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.localeCompare("zebra", "ant") > 0.0; Js.String2.localeCompare("ant", "zebra") < 0.0; Js.String2.localeCompare("cat", "cat") == 0.0; Js.String2.localeCompare("CAT", "cat") > 0.0;

match

let match: (t, Js_re.t) => option(array(t));

match(str, regexp) matches a string against the given regexp. If there is no match, it returns None. For regular expressions without the g modifier, if there is a match, the return value is Some(array) where the array contains:

  • The entire matched string

  • Any capture groups if the regexp had parentheses For regular expressions with the g modifier, a matched expression returns Some(array) with all the matched substrings and no capture groups. See String.match on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.match("The better bats", [%re "/b[aeiou]t/"]) == Some([|"bet"|]); Js.String2.match("The better bats", [%re "/b[aeiou]t/g"]) == Some([|"bet", "bat"|]); Js.String2.match("Today is 2018-04-05.", [%re "/(\\d+)-(\\d+)-(\\d+)/"]) == Some([|"2018-04-05", "2018", "04", "05"|]); Js.String2.match("The large container.", [%re "/b[aeiou]g/"]) == None;

normalize

let normalize: t => t;

normalize(str) returns the normalized Unicode string using Normalization Form Canonical (NFC) Composition. Consider the character ã, which can be represented as the single codepoint \u00e3 or the combination of a lower case letter A \u0061 and a combining tilde \u0303. Normalization ensures that both can be stored in an equivalent binary representation. See String.normalize on MDN. See also Unicode technical report #15 for details.

normalizeByForm

let normalizeByForm: (t, t) => t;

ES2015: normalize(str, form) returns the normalized Unicode string using the specified form of normalization, which may be one of:

  • "NFC" — Normalization Form Canonical Composition.

  • "NFD" — Normalization Form Canonical Decomposition.

  • "NFKC" — Normalization Form Compatibility Composition.

  • "NFKD" — Normalization Form Compatibility Decomposition.

See String.normalize on MDN. See also Unicode technical report #15 for details..

repeat

let repeat: (t, int) => t;

repeat(str, n) returns a string that consists of n repetitions of str. Raises RangeError if n is negative. See String.repeat on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.repeat("ha", 3) == "hahaha"; Js.String2.repeat("empty", 0) == "";

replace

let replace: (t, t, t) => t;

ES2015: replace(str, substr, newSubstr) returns a new string which is identical to str except with the first matching instance of substr replaced by newSubstr. substr is treated as a verbatim string to match, not a regular expression. See String.replace on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.replace("old string", "old", "new") == "new string"; Js.String2.replace("the cat and the dog", "the", "this") == "this cat and the dog";

replaceByRe

let replaceByRe: (t, Js_re.t, t) => t;

replaceByRe(str, regex, replacement) returns a new string where occurrences matching regex have been replaced by replacement. See String.replace on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.replaceByRe("vowels be gone", [%re "/[aeiou]/g"], "x") == "vxwxls bx gxnx"; Js.String2.replaceByRe("Juan Fulano", [%re "/(\\w+) (\\w+)/"], "$2, $1") == "Fulano, Juan";

unsafeReplaceBy0

let unsafeReplaceBy0: (t, Js_re.t, (t, int, t) => t) => t;

Returns a new string with some or all matches of a pattern with no capturing parentheses replaced by the value returned from the given function. The function receives as its parameters the matched string, the offset at which the match begins, and the whole string being matched. See String.replace on MDN.

RE
let str = "beautiful vowels"; let re = [%re "/[aeiou]/g"]; let matchFn = (matchPart, _offset, _wholeString) => Js.String2.toUpperCase(matchPart); Js.String2.unsafeReplaceBy0(str, re, matchFn) == "bEAUtIfUl vOwEls";

unsafeReplaceBy1

let unsafeReplaceBy1: (t, Js_re.t, (t, t, int, t) => t) => t;

Returns a new string with some or all matches of a pattern with one set of capturing parentheses replaced by the value returned from the given function. The function receives as its parameters the matched string, the captured string, the offset at which the match begins, and the whole string being matched. See String.replace on MDN.

RE
let str = "increment 23"; let re = [%re "/increment (\\d+)/g"]; let matchFn = (_matchPart, p1, _offset, wholeString) => wholeString ++ " is " ++ Belt.Int.toString(int_of_string(p1) + 1); Js.String2.unsafeReplaceBy1(str, re, matchFn) == "increment 23 is 24";

unsafeReplaceBy2

let unsafeReplaceBy2: (t, Js_re.t, (t, t, t, int, t) => t) => t;

Returns a new string with some or all matches of a pattern with two sets of capturing parentheses replaced by the value returned from the given function. The function receives as its parameters the matched string, the captured strings, the offset at which the match begins, and the whole string being matched. See String.replace on MDN.

RE
let str = "7 times 6"; let re = [%re "/(\\d+) times (\\d+)/"]; let matchFn = (matchPart, p1, p2, offset, wholeString) => Belt.Int.toString(int_of_string(p1) * int_of_string(p2)); Js.String2.unsafeReplaceBy2(str, re, matchFn) == "42";

unsafeReplaceBy3

let unsafeReplaceBy3: (t, Js_re.t, (t, t, t, t, int, t) => t) => t;

Returns a new string with some or all matches of a pattern with three sets of capturing parentheses replaced by the value returned from the given function. The function receives as its parameters the matched string, the captured strings, the offset at which the match begins, and the whole string being matched. See String.replace on MDN.

search

let search: (t, Js_re.t) => int;

search(str, regexp) returns the starting position of the first match of regexp in the given str, or -1 if there is no match. See String.search on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.search("testing 1 2 3", [%re "/\\d+/"]) == 8; Js.String2.search("no numbers", [%re "/\\d+/"]) == -1;

slice

let slice: (t, ~from: int, ~to_: int) => t;

slice(str, from:n1, to_:n2) returns the substring of str starting at character n1 up to but not including n2.

  • If either n1 or n2 is negative, then it is evaluated as length(str - n1) or length(str - n2).

  • If n2 is greater than the length of str, then it is treated as length(str).

  • If n1 is greater than n2, slice returns the empty string.

See String.slice on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.slice("abcdefg", ~from=2, ~to_=5) == "cde"; Js.String2.slice("abcdefg", ~from=2, ~to_=9) == "cdefg"; Js.String2.slice("abcdefg", ~from=(-4), ~to_=(-2)) == "de"; Js.String2.slice("abcdefg", ~from=5, ~to_=1) == "";

sliceToEnd

let sliceToEnd: (t, ~from: int) => t;

sliceToEnd(str, from:n) returns the substring of str starting at character n to the end of the string.

  • If n is negative, then it is evaluated as length(str - n).

  • If n is greater than the length of str, then sliceToEnd returns the empty string.

See String.slice on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.sliceToEnd("abcdefg", ~from=4) == "efg"; Js.String2.sliceToEnd("abcdefg", ~from=(-2)) == "fg"; Js.String2.sliceToEnd("abcdefg", ~from=7) == "";

split

let split: (t, t) => array(t);

split(str, delimiter) splits the given str at every occurrence of delimiter and returns an array of the resulting substrings. See String.split on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.split("2018-01-02", "-") == [|"2018", "01", "02"|]; Js.String2.split("a,b,,c", ",") == [|"a", "b", "", "c"|]; Js.String2.split("good::bad as great::awful", "::") == [|"good", "bad as great", "awful"|]; Js.String2.split("has-no-delimiter", ";") == [|"has-no-delimiter"|];

splitAtMost

let splitAtMost: (t, t, ~limit: int) => array(t);

splitAtMost(str, delimiter, ~limit:n) splits the given str at every occurrence of delimiter and returns an array of the first n resulting substrings. If n is negative or greater than the number of substrings, the array will contain all the substrings. See String.split on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.splitAtMost("ant/bee/cat/dog/elk", "/", ~limit=3) == [|"ant", "bee", "cat"|]; Js.String2.splitAtMost("ant/bee/cat/dog/elk", "/", ~limit=0) == [||]; Js.String2.splitAtMost("ant/bee/cat/dog/elk", "/", ~limit=9) == [|"ant", "bee", "cat", "dog", "elk"|];

splitByRe

let splitByRe: (t, Js_re.t) => array(option(t));

splitByRe(str, regex) splits the given str at every occurrence of regex and returns an array of the resulting substrings. See String.split on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.splitByRe("art; bed , cog ;dad", [%re "/\\s*[,;]\\s*/"]) == [|Some("art"), Some("bed"), Some("cog"), Some("dad")|];

splitByReAtMost

let splitByReAtMost: (t, Js_re.t, ~limit: int) => array(option(t));

splitByReAtMost(str, regex, ~limit:n) splits the given str at every occurrence of regex and returns an array of the first n resulting substrings. If n is negative or greater than the number of substrings, the array will contain all the substrings. See String.split on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.splitByReAtMost("one: two: three: four", [%re "/\\s*:\\s*/"], ~limit=3) == [|Some("one"), Some("two"), Some("three")|]; Js.String2.splitByReAtMost("one: two: three: four", [%re "/\\s*:\\s*/"], ~limit=0) == [||]; Js.String2.splitByReAtMost("one: two: three: four", [%re "/\\s*:\\s*/"], ~limit=8) == [|Some("one"), Some("two"), Some("three"), Some("four")|];

startsWith

let startsWith: (t, t) => bool;

ES2015: startsWith(str, substr) returns true if the str starts with substr, false otherwise. See String.startsWith on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.startsWith("BuckleScript", "Buckle") == true; Js.String2.startsWith("BuckleScript", "") == true; Js.String2.startsWith("JavaScript", "Buckle") == false;

startsWithFrom

let startsWithFrom: (t, t, int) => bool;

ES2015: startsWithFrom(str, substr, n) returns true if the str starts with substr starting at position n, false otherwise. If n is negative, the search starts at the beginning of str. See String.startsWith on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.startsWithFrom("BuckleScript", "kle", 3) == true; Js.String2.startsWithFrom("BuckleScript", "", 3) == true; Js.String2.startsWithFrom("JavaScript", "Buckle", 2) == false;

substr

let substr: (t, ~from: int) => t;

substr(str, ~from:n) returns the substring of str from position n to the end of the string.

  • If n is less than zero, the starting position is the length of str - n.

  • If n is greater than or equal to the length of str, returns the empty string.

JavaScript’s String.substr() is a legacy function. When possible, use substring() instead. See String.substr on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.substr("abcdefghij", ~from=3) == "defghij"; Js.String2.substr("abcdefghij", ~from=(-3)) == "hij"; Js.String2.substr("abcdefghij", ~from=12) == "";

substrAtMost

let substrAtMost: (t, ~from: int, ~length: int) => t;

substrAtMost(str, ~from: pos, ~length: n) returns the substring of str of length n starting at position pos.

  • If pos is less than zero, the starting position is the length of str - pos.

  • If pos is greater than or equal to the length of str, returns the empty string.

  • If n is less than or equal to zero, returns the empty string.

JavaScript’s String.substr() is a legacy function. When possible, use substring() instead. See String.substr on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.substrAtMost("abcdefghij", ~from=3, ~length=4) == "defg"; Js.String2.substrAtMost("abcdefghij", ~from=(-3), ~length=4) == "hij"; Js.String2.substrAtMost("abcdefghij", ~from=12, ~length=2) == "";

substring

let substring: (t, ~from: int, ~to_: int) => t;

substring(str, ~from: start, ~to_: finish) returns characters start up to but not including finish from str.

  • If start is less than zero, it is treated as zero.

  • If finish is zero or negative, the empty string is returned.

  • If start is greater than finish, the start and finish points are swapped.

See String.substring on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.substring("playground", ~from=3, ~to_=6) == "ygr"; Js.String2.substring("playground", ~from=6, ~to_=3) == "ygr"; Js.String2.substring("playground", ~from=4, ~to_=12) == "ground";

substringToEnd

let substringToEnd: (t, ~from: int) => t;

substringToEnd(str, ~from: start) returns the substring of str from position start to the end.

  • If start is less than or equal to zero, the entire string is returned.

  • If start is greater than or equal to the length of str, the empty string is returned.

See String.substring on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.substringToEnd("playground", ~from=4) == "ground"; Js.String2.substringToEnd("playground", ~from=(-3)) == "playground"; Js.String2.substringToEnd("playground", ~from=12) == "";

toLowerCase

let toLowerCase: t => t;

toLowerCase(str) converts str to lower case using the locale-insensitive case mappings in the Unicode Character Database. Notice that the conversion can give different results depending upon context, for example with the Greek letter sigma, which has two different lower case forms; one when it is the last character in a string and another when it is not. See String.toLowerCase on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.toLowerCase("ABC") == "abc"; Js.String2.toLowerCase({js|ΣΠ|js}) == {js|σπ|js}; Js.String2.toLowerCase({js|ΠΣ|js}) == {js|πς|js};

toLocaleLowerCase

let toLocaleLowerCase: t => t;

toLocaleLowerCase(str) converts str to lower case using the current locale. See String.toLocaleLowerCase on MDN.

toUpperCase

let toUpperCase: t => t;

toUpperCase(str) converts str to upper case using the locale-insensitive case mappings in the Unicode Character Database. Notice that the conversion can expand the number of letters in the result; for example the German ß capitalizes to two Ses in a row. See String.toUpperCase on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.toUpperCase("abc") == "ABC"; Js.String2.toUpperCase({js|Straße|js}) == {js|STRASSE|js}; Js.String2.toUpperCase({js|πς|js}) == {js|ΠΣ|js};

toLocaleUpperCase

let toLocaleUpperCase: t => t;

toLocaleUpperCase(str) converts str to upper case using the current locale. See String.to:LocaleUpperCase on MDN.

trim

let trim: t => t;

trim(str) returns a string that is str with whitespace stripped from both ends. Internal whitespace is not removed. See String.trim on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.trim(" abc def ") == "abc def"; Js.String2.trim("\n\r\t abc def \n\n\t\r ") == "abc def";

anchor

let anchor: (t, t) => t;

anchor(anchorText, anchorName) creates a string with an HTML <a> element with name attribute of anchorName and anchorText as its content. Please do not use this method, as it has been removed from the relevant web standards. See String.anchor on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.anchor("Page One", "page1") == "<a name=\"page1\">Page One</a>";

link

let link: (t, t) => t;

ES2015: link(linkText, urlText) creates a string with an HTML <a> element with href attribute of urlText and linkText as its content. Please do not use this method, as it has been removed from the relevant web standards. See String.link on MDN.

RE
Js.String2.link("Go to page two", "page2.html") == "<a href=\"page2.html\">Go to page two</a>";

castToArrayLike

let castToArrayLike: t => Js_array2.array_like(t);

Casts its argument to an array_like entity that can be processed by functions such as Js.Array2.fromMap()

RE
let s = "abcde"; let arr = Js.Array2.fromMap(Js.String2.castToArrayLike(s), (x)=>{x}); arr == [|"a", "b", "c", "d", "e"|];